Brief introduction to the development of commercia

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With the rapid development of the market economy, the status of commercial paper in the market economy is becoming increasingly important. As a special industrial sector in the printing industry, the products produced are mainly special commodities in social circulation - paper money, various bonds, promissory notes, cheques, stamps, airline tickets, labels, trademarks and various securities and other commercial paper, This paper introduces the history, current situation and future trend of commercial paper printing in China

I. a brief history of the development of commercial paper printing

the history of commercial paper printing can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty, when the "printing paper" as a tax voucher for merchants and the "flying money" as a deposit receipt appeared in the market can be regarded as the predecessor of bills. Jiaozi, which appeared in the Northern Song Dynasty in the 11th century, is the earliest paper currency in China, more than 600 years earlier than the earliest Swedish paper currency in Europe

in ancient China, the traditional woodblock printing process has been used in the printing of commercial bills. Nearly 5 The commercial paper printing replaced by the high current contact of the switchboard was engraved printing in the early stage, lithography and lead printing were adopted in the late Qing Dynasty, and then lithography and gravure printing were adopted. There were engraved printing, lithography, lead printing and lithography. Gravure printing and other processes coexist. Due to the important value of bills in the social, political and economic fields, commercial paper printing in the printing industry generally adopts the most advanced printing technology and process at that time. How to choose a testing machine?. Among them, the printing of paper money and stamps is the most prominent

1. As a representative of value, paper money is not only the inevitable product of the development of commodity economy to a certain stage, but also a unique application field after the invention of printing. Since the issuance of "Jiaozi" in the Song Dynasty, the "Jiaozi" and "Baoquan" in the Jin Dynasty, the "Baochao" in the Yuan Dynasty, the "Daming pass Baochao" in the Ming Dynasty, and the "Hubu official ticket" and "Daqing Baochao" in the Qing Dynasty all played a great role in promoting the exchange of goods and economic development at that time. Entering the 20th century, China's political situation is changing and wars are frequent. From the revolution of 1911 to the war of liberation, in less than half a century, there were governments and warlords all over China. The paper money printed and issued by dignitaries and foreigners has created an unprecedented chaos in the management of paper money in history. The people's Bank of China, established at the end of 1948, held a national printing and issuance conference in September 1949, which decided to end the chaos of the national currency system and unify the printing and issuance of the national currency

In the early 1950s, due to the need for a unified currency system, the banknote printing industry reached a considerable scale, with a total of 14 factories and more than 17000 employees. After 1950, the national financial and economic work was unified, market prices were gradually stabilized, and the demand for money was greatly reduced. According to the arrangement of the state, the banknote printing enterprises have been compressed and reorganized. Seven factories have been merged and decentralized, and more than 5700 employees have been transferred to other industries. With the design and printing of the second new version of RMB put on the agenda, according to the needs of the work, the banknote printing enterprises have expanded some factories and added some printing personnel, forming a new production capacity

In 1956, the people's Bank of China cooperated with the first Ministry of light industry to establish China's first banknote paper mill in Baoding, Hebei Province. This is the first step in the development of Chinese banknote paper production from scratch, from low-level to high-level. From 1956 to 1958, due to the reduction of money circulation, the banknote printing industry was streamlined, leaving only two banknote printing plants in Beijing and Shanghai. In the early 1960s, the third set of RMB tickets was successively put into production

In 1965, the mainland began the construction of the banknote printing industry, and three banknote printing plants have been built in the southwest, Jiangxi and Shaanxi. Among them, the Southwest has also built a professional banknote printing base with papermaking and special machinery. By 1990, the banknote printing industry had formed a production system with its own characteristics

2. Stamp

stamp is the certificate of postage paid in postal business. It is not only a kind of negotiable securities issued by the state, but also a special kind of printed matter. Small stamps, with wonderful composition and a wide range of knowledge, have all kinds of celebrities, landscapes, local customs, flowers, birds, fish and insects, rare birds and beasts at all times and in all countries, and are of great collection value. In 1878, China printed and issued "Customs dragon" stamps for the first time. Since the printing and issuance of the first set of stamps, China has printed and issued a wide range of stamps, including ordinary stamps, commemorative stamps, special stamps, small stamps, small promissory notes, small full stamps, military stamps, air stamps, etc. Printing methods include lithography, lithography, relief printing, intaglio printing, etc

after the founding of new China, stamp printing technology has made rapid progress, with an increase in the number, variety and quality of stamp printing. From 1949 to 1959, Chinese stamps were mainly printed by several printing houses in Beijing, Shanghai and other places. For example, the first set of commemorative stamps of new China, "Celebrating the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference", was printed by Shanghai Commercial Press in offset and issued in 1949; The second set of commemorative stamps, "Commemoration of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference", was printed by the Beijing People's printing factory in intaglio and issued in 1950. This is the beginning of printing stamps in the people's Republic of China. Later, it was successively printed by Shanghai No.1 printing factory. The Shanghai printing factory of Dadong book company and the printing factory of East China Tax Administration Bureau are printed by offset printing; It is printed by East China Post Nanjing printing factory with relief. In 1959, the Beijing Stamp factory was completed. Since 1960, the factory has been responsible for the printing of Chinese stamps. In the past 20 years, stamp printing technology has been transformed mainly by offset printing, aiming at improving the automation of printing process and product quality, and remarkable achievements have been made

in terms of commercial paper printing, the printing method in China was exactly the same as that used abroad in the 1940s, that is, commercial forms were printed by means of sheet fed letterpress printing. In the early 1960s, the application of offset printing technology in the world developed rapidly, and offset printing technology was also used in commercial paper printing. In 1965, Germany, Japan and other developed countries began to produce offset commercial form printing machines. By 1982, they produced full-automatic offset commercial rotary printing machines. In 1985, they developed computer-controlled commercial form printing machines

before the 1990s, China had not yet produced computer-controlled commercial paper printing machines. Except for a small number of imported rotating equipment, commercial paper printing mainly used sheet fed letterpress, which had low production efficiency and high product quality, even the same material

after entering the 1990s, with the establishment of market economic mechanism, China's commercial paper printing equipment manufacturing industry and printing industry have achieved great development. Today, China has been able to produce commercial paper printing machines that have reached the international advanced level. Through the introduction of foreign equipment and technology, the level of commercial paper printing technology in China has been significantly improved, and its own commercial paper printing equipment production and commercial paper printing system have basically formed

II. Current situation of commercial paper printing

after nearly 10 years of steady development, China's commercial paper printing industry has made great progress in both quantity and scale. So far, there are more than 1200 enterprises in the commercial paper printing industry, and their businesses cover postal services and telecommunications. Railway, banking, industry and commerce, taxation, finance, insurance, securities, circulation and other related industries, and the emergence of social oriented professional commercial paper printing enterprises with a turnover of more than billion yuan, has formed an industry with an output value of 12 billion to 15 billion yuan, and is also growing at a rate of 15% to 20% every year. This growth rate is expected to continue until 2010 at least

at present, the most noteworthy thing in the commercial paper printing industry is scratch invoice. Scraped invoice is another new kind of invoice launched by the tax system after the reform of taxi invoice. It is aimed at the purchase and use of false invoices and illegal reselling of true invoices in the tax collection and management work. The taxpayer falsely invoiced the amount. In order to adapt to the development of market economy, strengthen tax collection and management, plug loopholes, protect legitimate business, prevent counterfeiting and crack down on illegal acts of tax evasion, so as to achieve the purpose of scientific tax collection and management based on tickets. The use of new invoices has caused great repercussions in the society, and also provides a good development opportunity for commercial paper printing enterprises. As of June, 2003, about 60 scraping invoice production lines have been installed in China. The reason why scratch invoice can be developed in a very short time is inseparable from its unique anti-counterfeiting technology. In the past, "fake tickets" could spread everywhere, which was related to the many types of invoices, which were not easy to identify, and manual issuance. Due to the adoption of modern comprehensive anti-counterfeiting technology for scraped invoices, that is, the combination of digital printing technology and computer software information management, the huge investment in printing equipment and technology has eliminated the possibility of fraud, while the anti-counterfeiting of invoices is controlled by experts and functional departments of the original special material paper and ink type, and turned to convenient and modern public anti-counterfeiting

scratch invoice is promoting a change in China's commercial paper printing industry, that is, to change the data printing technology. Variable data printing technology in printing process. Printing equipment, printing technology, investment cost, profit space, development potential and other aspects are new to both printing enterprises and equipment and material suppliers. They are not only facing the pressure and challenges of investment and market development prospects, but also a rare opportunity for enterprises to grasp market opportunities

III. Development Trend of commercial paper printing

with the prosperity of economy and the advent of the information age, commercial paper printing has developed rapidly, and its market prospect is unlimited. Its development is not limited to the reform of tax invoices such as invoices. Scratch invoice, a new printing technology and anti-counterfeiting method, provides a development idea for commercial paper printing enterprises. With the development of commercial paper printing industry and the service level of banking, telecommunications, insurance, postal and other industries in line with international standards, bill printing and direct mail advertising letters will develop rapidly, that is to say, variable data printing technology has great prospects. Bill printing and direct mail advertising letters are the fast-growing businesses of foreign commercial paper printing enterprises, because this way can greatly improve the competitiveness of enterprises and establish a good corporate image. With China's entry into WTO and telecommunications. Mobile and other departments continue to improve the service level, and the business of phase interface Wenxin will grow rapidly in the next few years

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